Fml status report (ruby-talk ML)

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Begin forwarded message:

Date: January 26, 2011 9:55:08 AM PST
Subject: Fml status report (ruby-talk ML)

your mail has no effective commands
please read the following help and send requests to

  HELP FILE of <> ML

----- Index -----

1 FYI: Brief Summary

2 Fundamental Usage
2.1 What is a mailing list?
2.2 Usage of Commands
2.3 When you confused ...

3 Commands List
3.1 How to retrieve files; basic commands
3.2 How to get member list and unsubscribe
3.3 When your email address changed
3.4 Digest Delivery
3.5 How to retrieve past articles

4 Not standard commands
4.1 Library commands
4.2 whois database (ML local)
4.3 Traffic command

5 Command Usage Examples
5.1 Retrieve past articles


1 FYI: Brief Summary

Here I introduce the brief summary for you which may join this mailing
list in error.

To unsubscribe ML <>, send "unsubscribe" in the
mail body
to the address <>. Also you can send "#
"#" is prepended in fml documents for some historically reasons. "#"
is NOT NEEDED in almost all cases but fml can accepct commands with or
without '#'. Please ignore this in default configuration.

To stop the delivery for a vacation, send "# off" in the mail body to
To start the delivery again, send "# on" in the same way.

To get the past articles, firstly send "# index" in the mail body to
the address <> to retrieve
the list of articles. It shows the list this ML stores. To retrieve
articles, use "# get" or "# mget" command. For example, send "# mget
100-200" to retrieve articles from 100 to 200.

Fml compares From: field in a posted article with member list. If you
have several mail addresses, pay attention!

2 Fundamental Usage

2.1 What is a mailing list?

A mailing list (ML) is mail forwarding mechanism. When you send a mail
to the address

the mail is forwarded to all members of this ML.

2.2 Usage of Commands

This ML server has a lot of functions. Please send English command
phrases/words to <>.

A command has a command keyword and the options.

  # command options

Depends on the configuration of the ML server, '# help' and '#help'
may be treated as the same. (if USE_RPGruby-talkFLAG is non-nil) Note
commands are case-insensitive, i.e. # help = $ Help = # HELP [Option]
means optional. % is shell prompt.

Example 1:

--------- mail body --------------
# help

Send "# help" to <>,
you obtain the help file of this ML.

Example 2:

To retrieve

  articles from 10 to 14

--------- mail body --------------
# help
# get 10-14
# exit

2.3 When you confused ...

Please see the mail header, you will find the basic information.

  X-MLServer: fml [fml 2.1_RELEASE](distribute + commands available
  X-ML-Info: If you have a question,
    send "# help" to the address

  X-MLServer: fml [fml 2.1_RELEASE](distribute only mode)

If you are confused and have no clue, you can take a contact with the
ML maintainer at the address

When you make the contact, you should write

  What you did?
  Error/ returned mails if exist

3 Commands List

The command syntax is

command description

[] is optional.

3.1 How to retrieve files; basic commands

# help Get command help (this file)
# objective Get ML objective
# guide Get ML guide (non-members are allowed to use
                   this command)

# msg Send a mail to ML administrator

# summary [arg] Get a summary of ML articles
                   arg: range of the ML articles
                   summary whole summary (1-last)
                   summary last:10 summary of last 10 articles
                   summary 100-200 summary of article 100-200

# exit
# end
# quit Terminate command processing (so that your signature
                   will not get processed)

3.2 How to unsubscribe

# skip Make the address of From: in your mail a posting only
                  address; mails will not be sent to this address any
# noskip Reverse of # skip
# off Sign off ML temporarily (stop receiving mails)
# on Resume receiving mails after # off
# bye Sign off ML permanently
# unsubscribe Sign off ML permanently

3.3 When your email address changed

To change the address which you use to join this ML, you can use '
chaddr' command. The form is

  # chaddr old-address new-address

Please send this form from OLD-ADDRESS (fml 2.2 specification).

3.4 Digest Delivery

<<<<< Batch mail mode (approximately every N hours)

# matome <num>[opt] Send batch mail at approximately every <num> hours
                    To be exact, mail are sent at N clock where
                         0 == N (mod <num>) N=1..24
                    When <num> is between 13 to 36, mail batch will be
                    sent once a day at
                         <num> if <num>=13..24
                         <num>-24 if <num>=25..36

           # matome <num>u plain(unpack) format
           (no option) gzip(with UNIX From:)
           u PLAINTEXT(with UNIX From:)
           uf PLAINTEXT(with UNIX From:)
           b RFC934 format PLAINTEXT
           d RFC1153 format PLAINTEXT
           mp MIME/Multipart PLAINTEXT

# matome 0 Cancel batch mode. Return to normal distribution
       # matome 1 Mail batch every 1 hour (gzip-ped)
       # matome 2 Mail batch every 2 hours (gzip-ped)
       # matome 2u Mail batch every 2 hours (plain text)
       # matome 2mp Mail batch every 2 hours (MIME/Multipart)
       # matome 17 Mail batch once a day at 17:00 (gzip-ped)
       # matome 29 Mail batch once a day at 5:00 (gzip-ped)

3.5 How to retrieve past articles

# index Get a list of files which you can # get
                   Index file will be returned if it exists

# get ID
# send ID Get a ML article (sends back in plain text)

# mget <range list> [mode] [interval]
# mget <regular expression> [mode] [interval]
                   Get multiple files (ML articles or archive files)
      <range list> Ex. 1-10,12,15-100 1,2,10
                        first first:10 last:30 100-last (MH syntax)
      <regular exp> Ex. * ? 1? 1??
      [mode] gz tgz rfc934 b rfc1153 d unpack uf (default=tgz)
      [interval] mail time interval if the reply spans multiple mails
     (No option) 'tar+gzip' -> spool.tar.gz
      tgz 'tar+gzip' -> spool.tar.gz
      uf PLAINTEXT(with UNIX From:)
      gz GZIP(with UNIX From:)
      rfc934 RFC934 format PLAINTEXT
      unpack PLAINTEXT(with UNIX From:)
      uu UUENCODE
      d RFC1153 format PLAINTEXT
      rfc1153 RFC1153 format PLAINTEXT

4 Not standard commands

These commands may be unavailable for maintainer's policy. In default
fml disables these functions.

4.1 Library commands

To add a file to the archive area of this ML and retrieve them.

# library command [options]

# library index get index list in library archive area
# library summary the same as "# library index"

# library get [NUM] retrieve NUM file in library archive area
      options used in "mget" are available.

# library put add the mail to library archive area.

# library unlink [NUM] remove NUM file in library archive area.
# library delete [NUM]
# library rm [NUM]

4.2 whois database (ML local)

# whois [-h host] key Look up whois database with key
                      When host is given, look up is done on the host
                      through IPC. Otherwise the search is performed
                      in ML local whois database
# iam Put self-introduction (ML local whois database)

# who
# whois-index
# whois-list Get the list of available whois entries

4.3 Traffic command

# traffic [-n <best?>] [-m <mails>] [-d]

"traffic" command gives the traffic information.

5 Command Usage Examples

5.1 Retrieve past articles

In the following, 'mail' refers to /usr/ucb/mail, Mail(SUN),
malix(SYSR3/4) /usr/bin/Mail(4.4BSD), /usr/bin/mail(4.4BSD)

* Get article number 1
         % echo "# get 1" | mail <ML address>
         % echo "#get 1" | mail <ML address>

* Get article number 100-200
         % echo "# mget 100-200" | mail <ML address>

* Get article number 100-200. In the case where the reply consists of
multiple mails, send each one at an interval of 30 seconds
         % echo "# mget 100-200 30" | mail <ML address>

* Get article number 100-200 in PLAINTEXT format
         % echo "# mget 100-200 unpack" | mail <ML address>

* Get article number 100-200 in PLAINTEXT (mail interval = 30sec)
         % echo "# mget 100-200 30 unpack" | mail <ML address>

* Get files matching ? (i.e. article 1-9)
         % echo "# mget ?" | mail <ML address>

* Get files matching * (i.e. all articles)
         % echo "# mget *" | mail <ML address>

<<<<< Explanation of the example

(1) Get the article of X-Mail-Count: 1 (article 1)
   NOTE: All command mail must begin with '#' If illegal commands are
          found, the server will send back this help file

   The following way is recommended:

    % echo "# get 1" | mail <ML address>

   If you want to get article 1-3
    % cat > foo
    # get 1
    # get 2
    # get 3
    % cat foo
    # mget 1
    # mget 2
    # mget 3
    % cat fpp | mail <ML address>

   Then the server will send article 1, 2, 3 in separate mails

   The problem with this scheme is that, for each get command the server
   has to start a sendmail process. Imagine you try to get 1-100
   in this way. It will be a big burden for the server machine.

   The solution is to use # mget
   For example, we want to get article 1-9:
    % echo "# mget ? 30" | mail <ML address>

   Like ftp mget command, you can use regular expression. In this case,
   ? will match all files with single character file name, therefore it
   matches 1 to 9 in spool directory. Likewise, * will match all
   ?? will match article 10-99

   Mail interval argument is not necessarily needed. If a reply
   is longer than 1000 lines, ML server will split it into multiple
   mails every 1000 lines. In this example, the server will send
   each of these mails at the specified interval of 30 seconds (default
   is 5 minutes) This argument is usually used in the case like : you
   only want to receive 2-3 mails for each UUCP polling interval. If
   machine is IP-reachable and you are confident that it can handle
   lots of incoming mails at the same time, probably you don't need to
   worry about this argument.

   The requested files will be tar+gzip+uuencode-d. If the result file
   is longer than 1000 lines, the server will split it. You'll have
   to concatenate them into one file, say bar, and then decode,
   decompress, extract the original files from it ( is very
   convenient for this purpose)

   % uudecode bar
   % ls
   % zcat spool.tar.Z | tar xf -
   % ls
   spool.tar.Z spool
   % ls -l
    rw-r--r-- ............................ spool.tar.Z
   drwxr-xr-x ............................ spool

   spool/ contains the files you want


1998/08/17 translated by
1997/04/17 improved by
1997/04/16 hand-patched by
1997/04/13 improved by
1997/04/05 imported and merged by
1997/04/13 improved by
1997/04/04 improved by
1997/04/01 improved by

  help and help.example2 are merged by
        (preparation for 2.1 RELEASE)

  help.example2 contributed by
         (mnews ML's help is contributed)

  original by

$Id: help.wix,v 2.1 1998-09-06 14:29:59+09 fukachan Exp fukachan $, Be Seeing You!


      Help: <>
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If you have any questions or problems,
  please contact
  send e-mail with the body "help"(without quotes) to
     (here is the automatic reply, so more preferable)

e.g. on a Unix Machine
(shell prompt)% echo "help" |Mail


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